When it comes down to the hardware used to record these sounds, choosing shouldn’t be tricky. Some of the interfaces mentioned before come bundled with microphones, stands and pop filters. I will discuss some different types and how to choose one for your studio. After all, you want to be able to scream obscenities into the mic right?!? 😀 😛 I know I do!
In general, there are two types to choose from:
Dynamic (good for LOUD vocals, miking Amps/drum kits, and Rapping in live performance settings due to the sensitivity of condenser mics to loud sounds)
Condenser (good for singing vocals, voice overs, and acoustic instruments, and rapping in a studio setting)
All microphones generate a weak signal by themselves, and need some type of amplifier to boost the signal to a usable frequency. This is why it’s so important to choose the right Audio Interface (as outlined in the previous section).
As stated above, dynamic microphones are best suited for miking amps, drum kits, and recording super loud vocals.
The way these work is much simpler than a condenser because they receive sound similar to how our ears do. The sound waves hit a diaphragm inside which vibrates a magnet relative to a coil of wire. This generates an electrical signal which is sent down the output cable. In the same way, sound strikes our eardrums and travels to nerve endings which produce a signal our brain interprets as sound. For more information on this process, check out: What is a cardioid capsule?
They differ from condenser mics in that they don’t need phantom power, and are much more durable. They also don’t pick up much sound outside of the immediate vicinity, i.e. crowd noise, ambient sound etc. These would do extremely well in a live setting, and have the potential to give your studio sessions a live flavor. They really work well in environments without Acoustic Sound Treatment, as they tend to block out most noise by default.
What I went with when starting out, and what you should probably go with is a condenser mic. They have the ability to record vocals and instruments well.
They detect sound differently then dynamic microphones, and as a result are more sensitive. Both receive sound through a diaphragm, but when a condenser vibrates it generates a signal (an electric charge) that is received by an external power source. This could be from a battery or more commonly the phantom power that your audio interface uses. Large diaphragm vs. Small diaphragm.
I bought a Samson C01 as my first ever, and it still holds up to this day. It’s solid as a rock and heavy enough to deter any doubts about build quality. It’s also very affordable and reliable, and has really come down in price over the years. Another option to consider, and something I will probably end up buying in the future is the MXL 770. Just remember that condenser mics do extremely well in studio settings because of their ability to detect things in the immediate vicinity (i.e. your screaming cake hole :P)
I really won’t go into too much detail here other than you are going to want a mic stand, shock mount, and pop filter for your new toy.
It’s nice to have a boom stand because it is fully adjustable and can tower over other components in your studio if need be. You’ll also want a shock mount, which absorbs any vibrations and prevents them from sneaking their way into your recording. Finally, you should invest in a pop filter (with snake arm attached) as well. This comes in handy when you are really letting that mic have it. It blocks any and all undesirable blasts of air (dubbed “plosives”) from reaching the diaphragm inside. It also keeps your mic clean and free of nasty spit that may fly out of your mouth as you’re cursing up a storm. SAY IT DON’T SPRAY IT! 😛
Honestly, the inside of a mic is delicate like a flower, and having a pop filter will ensure it lasts a long time.